arrival of the Seljuk Turks in Anatolia marked the beginning of a new era
in history. After their victories in Iran and Mesopotamia, Turks
rapidly spread throughout Anatolia, settling there in the second half of
the 11th century. In 1071 the Byzantine emperor Romanos Diogenes, who was of Cappadocian origin, was defeated and captured
by the Seljuk ruler Alparslan at Malazgirt. In 1080 Suleiman Shah founded
the Anatolian Seljuk State, the capital of which was Konya. In 1082 Kayseri
was conquered by Turks. Cities such as Nigde and Aksaray were reconstructed,
and caravanserais, mosques, Madrasah, and tombs were built.
The Seljuk Turks' conquest of Anatolia did not affect the administrative
authority of the Patriarchy. It was only after the 14th century that its
size and status were diminished.