Cappadocia

Museum Hotel

CUSTOMIZE YOUR OWN TRAVEL IN CAPPADOCIA                                                                                                    "Over 12 years experience of customized travel in Turkey"

I am looking to travel 

I plan on traveling

I would like to travel for  

I have researched my trip

Travel Agency

Exclusively Private

UNDERGROUND CITIES

 

UNDERGROUND CITIESThere are around 200 separate underground settlements in Cappadocia. Although evidences of Prehistoric life have been found in the area, it is not known whether the underground settlements had any connection with that age.

 

The earliest record of the underground settlements is to be found in Xenophon's "Anabasis"  According to this book, Hellenic communities stayed in the underground settlements of Kaymakli and Derinkuyu, which makes it possible to date the cities back as early as the end of the 4th century BC. There is also evidence that the development of the underground settlements owes much to the Hittites. Rock imprints and inscribed monuments on the rocks from the Hittite Empire and the Neo-Hittite period, the presence of underground passages, known as  "Potern", which were used in the defense systems of the Hittite towns, and the superior building techniques are all evidence of Hittite involvement. The secret tunnels found in Hittite citiecappadocia undergorund citiess were generally used to ambush attackers, and for defense.

 

If the Hittites did carve out these settlements for military purposes, it is quite normal that no artifacts from that time have been found.  Besides this, dwellers coming after the Hittites would have removed any such traces. 


Objects found in the settlements belong to the Byzantine period, that is the 5th to 10th centuries AD. The number of underground settlements used for defense and for religious purposes increased during this period. 


cappadociaThe Arab-Sassanid raids, which began in the 7th century, forced Christian communities to use these underground settlements as refuges.

As the Caravanserai in Cappadocia are found within 5-10km of the underground settlements, it is also supposed that the Seljuk used these settlements as dwellings or for military purposes. For example, Dolayhan  Caravanserai is near to Til Köy underground settlement, and Saruhan is near to Ozkonak.


Important underground settlements are, Kaymakli, Derinkuyu, Mazi, Ozluce, Ozkonak, Tatlarin, Kurugol and Gokçetoprak.

 

 


Matiana Travel Museum Hotel Matiana Travel Museum Hotel Indigo Group of Company Worldwide network of Boutique Style travel agencies & Luxury travel services Lil'a Restaurant Cross Golf Cappadociaonline Boutique Style Hotels

Orta Mah. Uzundere Cad. no:15/A  Goreme 50180  Cappadocia - Nevsehir, Turkey 

Phone: +90 (0)384 2712902    Fax: +90 (0)384 2712903 

 

All Rights Reserved. 2011 INDIGO TURIZM SAN. TIC. LTD. STI

Cappadociaonline is a proud member of

Indigo Turizm